Homebuyers have had a rough time lately. First, the heated housing market stymied so many offers and caused frustration due to a lack of inventory. Now that the pace and prices are starting to drop, interest rates
have ticked up to alarming levels. While some buyers are postponing their purchase, those still in the market are beginning to consider more creative financing, including an ARM (Adjustable-Rate Mortgage).
What is an ARM?
Unlike a 30-fixed mortgage, as the name suggests, the interest rate of an ARM can change over the course of the loan. The interest rate is based on an index, such as the one-year T-Bill. Additionally, the timing of adjustment is fixed in the loan documents, so the borrower knows how to plan for changes. For example, a 5/1 ARM means that the initial interest rate is fixed for the first five years and then can adjust once a year for the remaining 25. Likewise, a 7/1 ARM has a fixed period of 7 years. There are also built-in protections to ensure that the adjustments are reasonable.
These are limited to how high an adjustment (or reduction) can be assessed at each point and an overall cap on the interest rate. The advantage of an ARM is to allow more buying power to buyers by starting with a lower interest rate than that available in a 30-year fixed loan. This can be especially valuable for buyers who do not intend to keep the home for 30 years; they can tailor the adjustments based on their planned
time to own the home.
The housing market is shifting. Homebuyers may not have the same challenges as last year, but today’s market presents new issues. One tool is an Adjustable-Rate Mortgage and with ever-higher interest rates, this mortgage product may be coming back.